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Taking input in Python

Last Updated : 19 Jun, 2024
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Developers often have a need to interact with users, either to get data or to provide some sort of result. Most programs today use a dialog box as a way of asking the user to provide some type of input. While Python provides us with two inbuilt functions to read the input from the keyboard. 

  • input ( prompt )
  • raw_input ( prompt )

input (): This function first takes the input from the user and converts it into a string. The type of the returned object always will be <class ‘str’>. It does not evaluate the expression it just returns the complete statement as String. For example, Python provides a built-in function called input which takes the input from the user. When the input function is called it stops the program and waits for the user’s input. When the user presses enter, the program resumes and returns what the user typed. 


inp = input('STATEMENT')

1. >>> name = input('What is your name?\n') # \n ---> newline ---> It causes a line break
>>> What is your name?
>>> print(name)

# ---> comment in python
# Python program showing 
# a use of input()

val = input("Enter your value: ")



Taking String as an input:

name = input('What is your name?\n')     # \n ---> newline  ---> It causes a line break


What is your name?

How the input function works in Python : 

  • When input() function executes program flow will be stopped until the user has given input.
  • The text or message displayed on the output screen to ask a user to enter an input value is optional i.e. the prompt, which will be printed on the screen is optional.
  • Whatever you enter as input, the input function converts it into a string. if you enter an integer value still input() function converts it into a string. You need to explicitly convert it into an integer in your code using typecasting


# Program to check input 
# type in Python

num = input ("Enter number :")
name1 = input("Enter name : ")

# Printing type of input value
print ("type of number", type(num))
print ("type of name", type(name1))


raw_input(): This function works in older version (like Python 2.x). This function takes exactly what is typed from the keyboard, converts it to string, and then returns it to the variable in which we want to store it.


# Python program showing
# a use of raw_input()

g = raw_input("Enter your name : ")
print g


Here, g is a variable that will get the string value, typed by the user during the execution of the program. Typing of data for the raw_input() function is terminated by enter key. We can use raw_input() to enter numeric data also. In that case, we use typecasting. For more details on typecasting refer this

Note: input() function takes all the input as a string only

There are various function that are used to take as desired input few of them are : –

  • int(input())
  • float(input())
num = int(input("Enter a number: "))
print(num, " ", type(num))

floatNum = float(input("Enter a decimal number: "))
print(floatNum, " ", type(floatNum))





Refer to the article Taking list as input from the user for more information. 

Taking Input in Python – FAQs

How to input a number in Python?

You can use the input() function to accept user input. Convert the input to an integer or float using int() or float() if necessary.

# Input a number
num = input("Enter a number: ")
# Convert input to integer
num = int(num)

How to take character input in Python?

You can use the input() function to accept user input. Characters are inherently strings in Python, so no additional conversion is necessary.

# Input a character
char = input("Enter a character: ")

How to check input type in Python?

You can use the type() function to check the type of input received from input().

user_input = input("Enter something: ")

How to print input value in Python?

Simply use the print() function to display the input value.

user_input = input("Enter something: ")
print("You entered:", user_input)

How to input time in Python?

You can use the input() function to accept a string input representing time. You can then parse and manipulate this string using datetime functions if needed.

import datetime
# Input time as string
time_str = input("Enter a time (HH:MM:SS): ")
# Convert string to datetime object
time_obj = datetime.datetime.strptime(time_str, "%H:%M:%S")

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