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Spring MVC Tutorial

Last Updated : 22 Jun, 2024
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In this tutorial, we’ll cover the fundamentals of Spring MVC, including setting up your development environment, understanding the MVC architecture, handling requests and responses, managing forms, and integrating with databases. You’ll learn how to create dynamic web pages, handle user input, and implement robust web applications using Spring MVC’s proven methodologies.

If we are to be more precise, then this Spring MVC tutorial covers all the basic to advanced topics of Spring MVC like Basics of Spring MVC, Spring MVC Annotation, Spring MVC Architecture, Spring MVC Flow, Spring Form Handling, Spring MVC with JSTL, Spring MVC with REST API, etc.

Spring MVC Tutorial

What is Spring MVC?

Spring MVC is a Java-based framework that is mostly used for developing web applications. It follows the MVC (Model-View-Controller) Design Pattern. This design pattern specifies that an application consists of a data model, presentation information, and control information.

This framework is developed around a DispatcherServlet which dispatches requests to handlers. In the current industry, many of them are using Spring Boot Microservices, but there are many projects still running in Spring MVC. So it is worth learning Spring MVC in the recent era. That’s why we are going to cover all the things which are part of the Spring MVC framework one by one in an organized manner.

Spring Model-View-Controller

  • Model – A model contains the application’s data. A data set might be a single object or a group of things.
  • Controller – A controller houses an application’s business logic. The @Controller annotation is used here to identify the class as the controller.
  • View – A view is a representation of the delivered information in a certain format. In most cases, JSP+JSTL is utilized to construct a view page. Spring does, however, support additional view technologies such as Apache Velocity, Thymeleaf, and FreeMarker.
  • Front Controller – The DispatcherServlet class serves as the front controller in Spring Web MVC. It is in charge of managing the flow of the Spring MVC application.

Spring MVC – Basics

Spring MVC – Software Setup and Configuration (STS/Eclipse)

Prerequisite (Spring Core Concepts)

In this section, we will learn some of the essential Spring Core Concepts as prerequisites. If you already know these concepts, then you can skip this section.

Core Spring MVC

Spring MVC – Annotation

Spring MVC – Form Handling

Spring MVC with JSTL

Spring MVC with REST API

Spring MVC with Database

Advantages of Spring MVC Framework

  • Separate roles
  • Lightweight
  • Powerful Configuration
  • Rapid development
  • Reusable business code
  • Easy to test 
  • Flexible Mapping


Throughout this tutorial, you’ve learned essential concepts such as request handling, form submission, database integration, and more Spring MVC’s structured approach to web development empowers you to create scalable and maintainable applications. Whether you’re developing e-commerce platforms, social media sites, or enterprise solutions, the skills you’ve acquired here will prove invaluable.

Spring MVC Tutorial – FAQs

Q1. What is the Difference Between Spring MVC and Spring Boot?

Spring MVC is a Model-View-Controller-based web framework widely used to develop web applications whereas Spring Boot is an enhancement of the Spring framework, with some extended advantages, widely used to develop REST APIs.

Q2. It is worth learning Spring MVC in 2024?

Yes, there are many projects still running in Spring MVC. So it is worth learning Spring MVC in 2023.

Q3. What is better to use, Spring Boot or Spring MVC?

Spring MVC helps to develop applications easily. Spring Boot helps to develop applications easily and quickly with features like auto-configuration and starters. Spring Boot helps in reducing the development time as all the dependency-related task gets handled.

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